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Environmentalists of RUDN University took part in the work of the international conference "BRICS Network University World Conference"

From June 16 to 18, 2021, the international conference "BRICS Network University World Conference" was held at the Bombay Institute of Technology, India. On behalf of the Faculty of Ecology, Head of the Department of Applied Ecology, Dr Redina Margarita presented the report on the role of electric transport in traffic management based on the concept of maximum environmental loads on urban ecosystems. Dr Redina emphasized that RUDN University being as a national coordinator in the UI GreenMetric partnership, pays close attention to the issues of transport loads on urban ecosystems. For large cities, this problem is extremely relevant: according to official data in Moscow, up to 90% of atmospheric air pollution is caused precisely by vehicle emissions. In this case, the immediate objects of influence are urban ecosystems, which are significantly transforming as a result of large-scale acoustic loads and the receipt of significant amounts of emissions from transport sources. Among the chemical pollutants, the leading role belongs to the products of fuel combustion and abrasion of automobile tires, since vehicles using fired fuels make up the bulk of the city's transport fleet. In this regard, at present, the Faculty of Ecology of the RUDN University is forming a project to assess traffic loads in the campus area and the possibility of adjusting traffic pollution, provided that electric transport is included in the vehicle fleet. The environmental justification of the project requires a sufficient information base. In this regard, the data accumulated in the course of a unique university project on environmental monitoring of the RUDN University campus and the surrounding area were used. Thanks to this project, since 2017, more than 4 thousand measurements of the quality of atmospheric air, soil, the state of vegetation and acoustic load have been accumulated on a detailed monitoring network (33 points per 140 ha). This makes it possible to evaluate in detail the effects of the spread of pollution, including the migration of supertoxic marker compounds - polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) for the study area and to obtain preliminary models of deformations of urban ecosystems and estimates of critical loads on them. On this basis, it is proposed to formulate recommendations for optimizing transport flows in order to reduce the environmental risks of degradation of urban ecosystems, in particular, to intensify the development of electric transport. The project involves the active involvement of RUDN University students, which makes it possible to implement the most important condition - the combination of theoretical and practical components for the effective training of specialists.